214242 «Ivan Kalita»Moskvich-"Ivan
Kalita" - a Russian passenger car, выпускающийся of the AZLK plant from 1998 to 2001.
This model of the Muscovite was a four-door sedan with front-wheel drive BMWs.
The new car was
built on the basis of the stretch of the Muscovite Prince Vladimir. The wheel
base of these models are the same. However, the Muscovite Kalita was longer
than the predecessor to 20 cm. Growth was achieved due to increase of eaves of
The design of the
Muscovite Kalita was created by designer С.Саакяном. Although presented at the
exhibition sample differed from the picture. The General form of auto bit like
monumental mark Lincoln, Cadillac. However, many people were surprised rough
version and the crude design.
The further fate of
the Muscovite Kalita
The car began to
gather at the factory by the piece. Mass of buyers model was not, as the price
it was very high, both for the domestic (though and well equipped) the vehicle.
However, the factory leadership hoped to order the party Muscovite Kalita
Moscow mayor's office. But it was purchased by a single number of copies. It is
known that for some time the sedan was in the car Park mayor Yuri Luzhkov.
Kalita was one of the last cars produced by the plant AZLK. He was also an
attempt to enter the segment of luxury sedans, business-class, with
corresponding price, and thus solve the financial problems of the enterprise.
However, as time has shown, such a strategy was wrong. Auto, based on the basis
of customary Moskvich-2141 (features which are clearly visible in the guise of)
either visually and technically, with a very inflated price and hastily created
by the design could not become widespread. Even in spite of the rich equipment.
class de Luxe". Perhaps, sounds, at least, ridiculous. However, the
creators of the "Kalita"and, in particular, the Director of the Ruben
Asatryan, believed completely in a different way.
model wore index 2142Z7 and was a four-wheel-drive version of the sedan 2142.
However, in the process of work, the car has received index 2144, which
previously belonged to the "car of the year 2000" - "Istra".
The common people
saw the model at MIMS-98. Looks to be honest for the Amateur. On the one hand
it's bright and catchy, but on the other - pretentious and tasteless. Moreover,
there are rumors that the lights "Kalita", is nothing like the
"inside-out" headlights "Prince Vladimir". However, this is
only a rumor. The rear part of the vehicle and does looks like a rudiment.
Despite the hopes
of the leadership of the car, the model of the car and did not become a mass,
and its production was limited to small parties. Initially this model was
developed for the government of Moscow, but the city has considered the value
of the car is too high and was ordered only a few cars. The retail value of the
Muscovite-"Ivan Kalita" in 1998 amounted to 20 thousand us dollars.
Together with the production of the basic model, was conducted by printing a
large number of modifications of the Muscovite-"Ivan Kalita,"
including a double bedroom «Duet».
In the salon all
the more calmer and more realistic that gives some hope. But later you realize
that the car though and expensive, but domestic. The build quality is first,
and the materials fit is not the best way. And in General interior design is
class car (or rather, vanities for him).
The level of
comfort is also good. Comfortable leather interior, air conditioning, power
steering, electric control side mirrors, электростеклоподъемниками, электроблокировка door lock, radio with CD player. All
this is good, but the build quality as always drove all the advantages of the
In technical terms
the car looks even more depressing. Base is taken from the elongated
"Prince Vladimir", which in turn made on the basis of "the
forty-first". And therefore, the design is not the most modern. However,
the components were selected foreign: hydraulic braking system with vacuum
booster Lucas, single-disk clutch Valeo,
The car they
composed a petrol engine Renault, volume 2,0л. and capacity 113л.с. or 145л.с. Gearbox one - 5-speed manual. As
expected, complaints engine did not cause.
This model has been
equipped with гидроусилитилем
steering wheel, leather interior, refrigerator, air conditioning, electronic
block system of locks, элеткроуправлением exterior rear-view mirrors. Also in Moscvich-"Ivan Kalita"
was attended by a new panel and radio that is capable of playing compact discs.
The new headlights
have been received by creating a cap for standard units from the serial
Muscovite Svyatogor. A few did not fit into the General appearance of the
Muscovite Kalita radiator grille and a-La rolls-Royce. Was also set a new
bonnet. Rear светоблоки
were created similarly to the front, only the "donor" were made by
the nodes of Prince Vladimir. When viewed in profile, it was obvious that it's
all the same stretch sedan, only with a very long one. Stayed even a blank
window in the rear doors.
A special pride
caused four-wheel drive transmission, the development of which engineers AZLK
started back in the late 80-ies. In the transmission of three differential. The
principle of action of automatic brake and the axis is the same. In the teeth
of the gear drive shaft consists of satellites. Highlight - in the helical toothing.
When one of the wheels slip on the other, the pinion rotates the satellites and
in a helical pinion arise axial and radial forces. Under their action
satellites ends and the tops of the teeth rubbing on housing differential,
causing it to rotate and "drag" the second wheel.
Model: Ivan Kalita
Modification: Moscow Ivan Kalita 214242
Start of production: January 1998.
Of completion: January 2001.
Body style: 4 o engine sedan
The engine of a car
Engine location: front, longitudinal
Engine power, h.p.: 145
Is achieved in revolutions per min.: 6000
Engine capacity, cm3: 1988
Torque, N*m / rpm min.: 185/4500
Maximum speed, km/h: 187
Time of acceleration up to 100 km/h in a sec.: 10.5
Fuel consumption (in the city), l/100 km: 11.5
Drive the car
Drive type: front
Gearbox type: MT
The number of stages: 5
Front suspension: independent, spring, type McPherson
Rear axle: axle lever-spring, with the stabilizer of cross stability
Front brakes: disc
Rear brakes: drum
Dimensions of the vehicle
Length, mm: 4910
Width, mm: 1690
Height, mm): 1400
Wheelbase, mm: 2780
Track wheels in front, mm: 1446
Track rear wheels, mm: 1426
Fuel tank volume, l: 55
Tire size: 185/70R14
In spite of the fact that the car was produced the piece, on its basis in 1999,
was released double bedroom «Duet», while the «Kalita» there were a number of
modifications, различавшихся by the power unit:
«Moskvich-214242» (index by VIN-code - «2142R5») - with the engine Renault F3R
working volume 2,0л
«Moskvich-214242-160» (index by VIN-code - «2142R7») - with the engine Renault
F7R or F4R working volume 2,0л
In addition, in November 1998 were created wheel modified, обозначавшиеся as:
«Moskvich-21442» (index by VIN-code - «2144R5») - with the engine Renault F3R
«Moskvich-21442-160» (index by VIN-code - «2144R7») - with the engine Renault
F7R or F4R.