Ford Model A, 1927 - automobile produced by the Ford
Motor Company from 1927 to 1931. The second model with the index And in the
history of Ford Motor.
In the beginning of the twenties of the Ford Motor
Company dominated the automobile market with the model of the Ford Model T.
However, in the mid-twenties, this dominance on the market of mass car faster
declined due to competitors such as General Motors. The drop in sales model T
made Henry Ford's consent to begin development of a new model.
The first Ford A was made on October 20, 1927, but sales
started only 2 December 1927. He was replaced on the conveyor Reverend Ford
Model T, which was produced in the course of 18 years.
The model was produced in different versions: Coupe
(Standard and Deluxe), Business Coupe, «Sport Coupe», «Roadster Coupe»
(Standard and Deluxe), convertible, Phaeton (Standard and Deluxe), «Tudor»
(Standard and Deluxe), «Town Car», «Fordor» (2-window) (Standard and Deluxe),
«Fordor» (3-window) (Standard and Deluxe), «Victoria», wagon, taxi, pick-up,
Prices on Ford of A varied from $385 for a model with a
body Roadster up to $1400 for the modification of the «Town Car».
In addition to the United States, Ford produced the model
in factories in Argentina, Canada, France, Germany and the UK. In Europe, where
the cars taxed in accordance with the working volume of the engine, Ford has
equipped the model And engine 2033 CC. Nevertheless, the volume of the engine
was still big enough and attracted
annual tax revenues from the vehicle in the amount of £24
in the UK and similar taxes in other major European markets, with the result
that the car was not able to compete in the sector of low-cost mass car. The
model was the same and too crude to act as luxury items.
Production ended in 1931. All were released 4849340 Ford
models A in all the versions. He was succeeded by Ford Model B (1932).
In 1932, in the USSR on the plant of GAS began to be
issued by a licensed version of the model under the name of the GAS-AND.
The model was set 4-cylinder liquid-cooled engine working
volume of 3.28 l, developing a 40 horsepower. Model A 1927 model year was the
first model of Ford, which used a standard set of management bodies with the
usual clutch pedals and brake and accelerator pedal and lever cat in contrast
to the previous models of Ford.
The fuel tank is located in the torpedo, between the
engine compartment and the instrument panel. He had the optical fuel gauge,
fuel flows to the carburetor by gravity.
The model was the first car with safety glass in the windscreen.
Ford Model A used mechanical drum brakes on all wheels. In 1930, the lining of
the radiator grille and headlamp housings made of stainless steel.
length x width x height - 3790x1710x1788
base - 2630
Body - Phaeton, four-door
The layout of the
The engine in the front
the drive wheels, rear
Maximum speed, km/h 90
Engine - gasoline, carburetor, in-line
number of cylinders - 4
working volume - 3285 cm3
number of valves - 8
location - left
power, HP/ kW - 40/29,4 at 2200 rpm
Gearbox : mechanical three-stage
Front - dependent, on the transverse springs
The rear axle, the transverse springs
Brake - mechanical
Front - drum
Rear - drum
Electrical Equipment - 6 In
Tire size - 5.50-19